From small, we attended school with the primary objective of learning and acquiring knowledge, but also where we began to train as people, and that is why education not only covers the subjects that teachers teach us. We went through different levels, from kindergarten to maybe a postgraduate. These different levels make up the educational system of a country and on which the structure of education is based, according to the progress of the cognition of the person.
The education system tends to be demonized as “formal education” because it assumes that it teaches beyond “common sense”: the form of knowledge that can be tested scientifically and that lays the foundations for academic training. The learnings of “common sense” can be quickly learned by the individual’s own experience and there is an infinity of everyday examples: we learn to close and open bottles, to manage keys, to recognize that when there are many dark clouds in the sky it is Probably rain or a storm is coming, we learn to connect electronic devices to energy sources or to plant a tree in the home garden. To perform any of these actions, and perform them correctly, it is not necessary to attend a school to learn it. They are part, then, of non-formal knowledge, that which we can learn in any context and moment of our daily life.
Even so, from small we enter the initial level of the educational system, which goes in general from 3 to 5 or 6 years, where we learn among other things to read, write, compare, reason, join ideas, etc. Then, the primary or elementary level, which goes from 6 to 11 or 12 years and where we learn to perform mathematical calculations, understand complex writing or language structures and even produce them, we also begin to study history, geography, and other sciences social and natural Then, we find the secondary or middle level, which goes from 11 or 12 years to between 16 and 18 years (depending on region or country). There, we make knowledge more complicated, and what we previously knew as “social sciences” in general have now been shredded in several subjects: economics, politics, sociology, anthropology, history, geography, and the natural sciences now encompass biology, chemistry, physics, with the addition of some human sciences such as psychology .
These three levels make up the primary (and compulsory) education of every individual. Then the subject can follow their academic training at the higher level (technical or baccalaureate), the university level (bachelor’s degrees), postgraduate level (masters, specializations, diploma, and doctorates) and postdoctoral level.